What is Gingivitis and the Difference between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?


The gingivitis is gum disease is seen with the gum and surroundings of teeth and is an inflammation of tissues in an around the teeth. The common cause of gingivitis is poor dental health and unhygienic maintenance of dental health. The gingivitis is common for all ages of people and is curable by proper medication and maintenance of appropriate dental health and varies the medication as per the severity. In gingivitis, gums look red and swollen and bleeds while brushing or flossing. In fact, gingivitis is a warning or an indicator for a greater dental or oral disease if not taken care and medicated appropriately in proper time and manner. Keep in touch with Oracare wisdom teeth removal for your entire dental requirements.

The difference between gingivitis and periodontitis is related to each other but they are different from each other. The gingivitis is the inflammation of tissues in and around the teeth and gum, but the periodontitis is the inflammation and infection of bone below the teeth. The word periodontitis is derived from the word periodontal meaning “around the tooth”. The periodontal speaks about the structures that are around the teeth and supports the teeth and they are gums and bones.

Gingivitis takes place when food particles mix with the bacteria and saliva in the mouth and form plaque. The plaque sticks in and around the surface of the teeth. These plaques must be removed by brushing properly and regularly. If it stores for a longer term, then it forms calculus and tartar. Eventually, tartar becomes very hard which can be only removed by professional dentists and clinical dental services.

The plaques as well as the tartar keep bacteria and ultimately develop gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated in time, it leads to bone infection and turns into periodontitis. In the process of periodontitis, the gums around the teeth gradually recede and form deep pockets in the gums. Medically, this is called attachment loss. In fact, these pockets gather more bacteria because it is almost impossible to clean and remove the plaques and bacteria from the gum pockets. Eventually, the bone gets more infected and damaged. Ultimately, the bone tissues as well as the gum tissues get weaker and lose the capability of holding the teeth. In the course of time, the teeth too get weaker and fall. Besides the plaques and bacteria, a few other external factors prevent the recovery of teeth from gingivitis and periodontitis. They are smoking, tobacco chewing, hormonal imbalance in puberty, pregnancy and menopause, and in the cases of major diseases.